Calculate logarithm of a number to any base:
* Use e for scientific notation. E.g: 5e3, 4e-8, 1.45e12
b y = x
Then the base b logarithm of a number x:
logb x = y
In order to calculate log-1(y) on the calculator, enter the base b (10 is the default value, enter e for e constant), enter the logarithm value y and press the = or calculate button:
The Log (Logarithm) Calculator is used to calculate the logarithm logbx for a base b and a number x. Logarithm (LOG) calculator is an online math calculator that calculates the log value for the positive real number with respect to the given or natural base values (positive, not equal to 1). Using this calculator, we will understand methods of how to find the logarithm of any number with respect to the given base.
It is necessary to follow the next steps:
1.Enter the number and the base of logarithm. These values must be positive real numbers or parameter. The base of logarithm can not be 1.
2. Press the "CALCULATE" button to make the computation.
3. Logarithm calculator will give the logarithm of the positive real number number with the positive base not equal to 1.
The logarithm of a number x with respect to base b is the exponent to which b has to be raised to yield x. In other words, the logarithm of y to base b is the solution y of the following equation:
by = x
And for any x and b, there is:
x = logbbx
The logarithm to base b = 10 is called the common logarithm and has many applications in science and engineering. The natural logarithm has the constant e (approximately equal to 2.718281828) as its base. The binary logarithm uses base b = 2 and is prominent in computer science.
What is Log?
The logarithm, or log, is the inverse of the mathematical operation of exponentiation. This means that the log of a number is the number that a fixed base has to be raised to in order to yield the number. Conventionally, log implies that base 10 is being used, though the base can technically be anything. When the base is e, ln is usually written, rather than loge. log2, the binary logarithm, is another base that is typically used with logarithms. If for example:
x = by; then y = logbx; where b is the base
Each of the mentioned bases are typically used in different applications. Base 10 is commonly used in science and engineering, base e in math and physics, and base 2 in computer science.
Logarithm product rule
logb(x × y) = logb(x) + logb(y)
Logarithm quotient rule
logb(x / y) = logb(x) - logb(y)
Logarithm power rule
logb(x y) = y × logb(x)
Logarithm base switch rule
logb(c) = 1 / logc(b)
Logarithm change of base rule
logb(x) = logc(x) / logc(b)